Location: Kigali, Rwanda
Status: Landscape analysis and pre-feasibility study for NBS in Kigali
Client: World Bank, The European Union (ACP-EU), City of Kigali, Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), Ministry of infrastructure (MININFRA), Rwanda Water Resources Board (RWB)
Collaboration: Ecorys, HKV, Royal HaskoningDHV, Sher Consultants, CGIS

Kigali is vulnerable to floods and landslides, that are caused by heavy rainfall, and thus at risk of fatalities and damage. The city initiated several projects and visions that addressing flood risk management as well as sustainable and green urban development; Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have the potential to contribute to flood risk management by complementing grey flood reduction measures, while also improving urban quality and strengthen livelihoods and resilience in urban neighborhoods.

The NBS Kigali pre-feasibility study applies a comprehensive approach that identifies suitable typologies and locations for NBS that mitigate the impact of flooding in precarious urban neighborhoods while creating multiple benefits for livelihoods.

This World Bank NBS study, is (co-) financed by the EU-funded ACP-EU Natural Disaster Risk Reduction Program, managed by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery. The study provides Technical Assistance to the Government of Rwanda; in addition to exploring city-wide potentials for NBS, the study identifies NBS investments to be proposed under the upcoming RUDP-II project, which includes the rehabilitation of wetlands and urban upgrading.

Based on a multi-criteria assessment (MCA) and stakeholder preferences, preferred NBS measures are indicated for the locations: Nyabisindu, Mpazi, Nyagatovu (RUDP-II urban upgrading sites) the Central Business District, the Gikondo Wetland and Buffer zone (RUDP site), the Ngara agriculture area, and the Mount Kigali forest reserve and the Rebero Hills housing development area. This project provides insight into the feasibility and desirability of NBS and supports the government of Rwanda in applying NBS as well as promoting, managing, and enhancing the city’s green spaces.